Glossary: D

Taraxacum officinale Weber

Dandelion is a medicinal plant traditionally used as a diuretic, liver detoxifier and as a mild laxative.

It is a stemless, perennial herb with jagged-edged leaves. The fruit, when ripe, turns into a characteristic feathery sphere, which facilitates the scattering of the seeds with the wind.

Dandelion’s active ingredients are found in its root, rhizome and dry leaves. Its components include mineral salts, especially potassium.


Dried dandelion leaves activate urinary excretion, meaning they have diuretic properties that are useful in cases of water retention, mild urinary tract infections or in the prevention of kidney stones. Diuretic plants such as dandelion are also used as a complementary treatment for rheumatic diseases.

The leaves and root of the dandelion also possess collagenous properties, that is, they stimulate the expulsion of bile. As a result, this plant is also indicated in cases of digestive disorders (slow digestions, dyspepsia) or when the liver or gallbladder function needs to be stimulated.

Other traditional uses of dandelion include its use as a mild laxative, as a treatment for eczema and skin conditions, gout and as a remedy for a lack of appetite of slow digestion.

Precautions: Contraindicated in cases of bile duct obstruction.